The Karaganda region is the largest region in the territory (15.7% of the total area of Kazakhstan) and is located in the very center of the continent of Eurasia, almost equidistant from the Arctic and Indian, Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The region occupies the most elevated part of the Kazakh small hills - Saryarka, which is a peculiar, very heterogeneous in geomorphological terms, highly elevated territory (absolute height 400-1000 meters).
In the west, it adjoins the Torgai depression and the northeast of the Turan lowland, in the south, the clay desert of Betpakdala and Lake Balkhash. The relief is complicated by shallow depressions, river valleys, dry channels of watercourses, hollows with outcrops to the surface of groundwater, drainless hollows, lake basins, steppe saucers.
In the west of the Ulytau mountain region (1133 m), in the eastern part of Karkaraly mountain (Zhirensakal mountain, 1403 m), Kent (1469 m), Ku (1356 m), Kyzyltas (1283 m), Kyzylarai (Aksoran mountain, 1565 m, the most highest point of Saryarka), Keshubay (1559 m) and others; in the southwestern and southern parts of the region there are sandy areas of the Aral Karakum, two Moyynkum, Zhetykonyr and others.
The region borders in the south with South Kazakhstan and Zhambyl, in the north with Akmola, in the north-east with Pavlodar, in the north-west with Kostanai, in the east with East Kazakhstan, in the west with Aktyubinsk, in the south-west with Kyzylorda, southeast with the Almaty regions of Kazakhstan.
The territory of the region is 428 thousand square kilometers, which is equal to the area of such countries as Belarus, Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia combined. In the region there are 9 rural districts, 11 cities, 9 settlement administrations, 187 rural administrations, including 421 rural settlements. The population of the region as of January 1, 2019 amounted to 1 million 378.5 thousand people or 7.5% of the total population of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The average population density in the region is 3.2 people per square meter. km
Representatives of more than one hundred nationalities live in the region. The share of Kazakhs in the total population was 51.8%, Russians - 35.5%, Ukrainians - 2.9%, Germans - 2.3%, Tatars - 2.2%, Koreans - 0.9%, Belarusians - 0 ,8%. The share of persons of other nationalities is 3.6%.
The center of the region is located in the city of Karaganda, founded in 1934. As of January 1, 2019, 497.9 thousand people or 36.1% of the total population of the region live in the city. The regional center of Karaganda is located at a distance of 222 km from the capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan - the city of Nur-Sultan. The largest region of the region by area is Ulytau district - 122.9 thousand sq. Km.